Hip arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that is performed for both the diagnosis and treatment of various hip problems. The procedure allows your doctor to see the inside of the joint in detail with the use of a surgical tool known as an arthroscope. An arthroscope, which is inserted through tiny incisions in the body, comprises small surgical instruments, as well as a camera that transmits images onto a monitor. This allows your surgeon to see any damage in the hip joint and determine the best course of treatment.
In order to prepare for the procedure, your medical team will place your leg in traction, ensuring that the hip is pulled far away enough from the socket to allow your surgeon to insert the surgical instruments. Your surgeon will make a small incision in the hip, through which the arthroscope is inserted. Your surgeon will carefully examine the hip joint and assess any damage. When he has determined what the problem is, he will insert surgical instruments through other tiny incisions, and repair the area that requires treatment.
When the procedure is complete, the small incisions are stitched closed and a dressing is placed on the site of surgery. Your surgeon may prescribe medication for pain and inflammation. He will let you know how to best manage your recovery period.
Hip arthroscopy can be used to perform a number of procedures, including the removal of inflamed tissue, repairing a torn labrum, and trimming of bone spurs. The procedure may be recommended for the treatment of various conditions that cause a painful hip joint, including hip dysplasia, synovitis, infections in the hip joint, femoroacetabular impingement, and snapping hip syndromes.
The potential benefits of this minimally invasive approach include: