Knee arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that is performed for both the diagnosis and treatment of various knee problems. The procedure allows your doctor to see the inside of the joint in detail with the use of a surgical tool known as an arthroscope. An arthroscope, which is inserted through tiny incisions in the body, comprises small surgical instruments, as well as a camera that transmits images onto a monitor. This allows your surgeon to see any damage in the knee joint and determine the best course of treatment.
Knee arthroscopy may be recommended in cases where other forms of treatment have not been successful, or when your surgeon needs to confirm a diagnosis. These procedures are generally day cases, and no overnight stay is required.
During arthroscopy, your surgeon will make a small incision in the knee, through which the arthroscope is inserted. Your surgeon will carefully examine the knee joint and assess any damage. When he has determined what the problem is, he will insert surgical instruments through other tiny incisions, and repair the area that requires treatment.
When the procedure is complete, the small incisions are stitched closed and a dressing is placed on the site of surgery. Your surgeon may prescribe medication for pain and inflammation. He will let you know how to best manage your recovery period.
Knee arthroscopy can be used to perform a number of procedures, including the removal and repair of a torn meniscus, ACL reconstruction, removal of loose pieces of bone and cartilage, and trimming of damaged and inflamed tissue. The procedure may also be recommended for the treatment of knee infections.
The potential benefits of this minimally invasive approach to knee surgery include: